Registration

Certificate of Inspection

You require a valid safety Certificate of Inspection (COI) to register a newly acquired vehicle in Manitoba. A COI confirms that, at the time of inspection, a vehicle met basic standards for operation in Manitoba, which are set out in the Vehicle Inspection Handbook.

A COI doesn't include a detailed inspection of the engine or transmission and is not a guarantee of the overall quality of the vehicle. A COI provides a snapshot of the vehicle condition at the time of inspection. This condition can change over time and it is a good idea to have your vehicle fully inspected by a trusted mechanic before purchase.

When do you need a COI

A COI is required:

  • When ownership of a vehicle is transferred.
  • When bringing any vehicle into Manitoba. This includes vehicles owned by people moving to Manitoba.

The COI inspection

An inspector at one of Manitoba's registered vehicle inspection stations signs a COI after a vehicle passes an inspection of components and systems, including:

  • Brakes
  • Suspension
  • Tires
  • Lights
  • Exhaust system
  • Seat belts
  • Steering
  • Other components and systems

View the COI form to see all the inspected components. The inspection costs up to $55.

There are three possible outcomes to the COI inspection:

Pass: The vehicle passes the inspection and receives a COI.

Advisement: The vehicle currently meets all minimum safety standards and receives a COI. However, the advisement notes that specified components will soon require servicing or repair.

Fail: The vehicle does not meet certain standards. The vehicle must undergo specified repairs and pass a reinspection before a COI can be issued. There is no charge for a reinspection that is completed within 30 days at the same station, with the exception of a $20 fee if the wheels must be removed. If the vehicle is not reinspected within 30 days, it is subject to a new inspection that can cost up to $55.

Where to get a COI inspection

Approved inspection stations are located throughout Manitoba. An approved station will display a sign designating it as a Vehicle Inspection Safety Station and displaying the logos of Manitoba Public Insurance and the Province of Manitoba. Call Vehicle Standards and Inspections at 204-985-0920 or toll-free 1-866-323-0542 for an inspection station near you.

Exemptions

Certain transfers of ownership are exempt from the COI requirements. These are:

  • A vehicle registered in Manitoba in the name of the owner, which is being transferred:
  • to a spouse or common-law partner
  • to a child or step-child
  • to a parent
  • as an inheritance to the beneficiary of an estate
  • A new vehicle that is not subject to periodic mandatory inspections.
  • Any transfer from a dealer to another dealer.
  • Any transfer from a dealer to a recycler.
  • Any transfer from a dealer if the vehicle has an irreparable status.
  • Any vehicle registered as a remote area vehicle.
  • Any transfer involving a vehicle to be registered as an antique motor vehicle.
  • A lease vehicle when there is a change of lessor, but no change of lessee.
  • A lease vehicle when there is a change of lessee on a lease agreement, providing that an amended lease agreement is provided by the lessor and the new lessee would have qualified for a COI exemption if they had actually owned the vehicle (e.g., spouse to spouse, child to parent, parent to child).
  • A lease vehicle when the ownership is transferred from the lessor to the lessee but only if the lessor is not a dealer. If a dealer is the agent for the lessor, a COI is required.
  • A bus designed for carrying 11 or more people (including the driver) and owned and operated on behalf of the City of Winnipeg or the City of Brandon.

FAQ

Q
What does a COI cost?
A
An inspection station can charge up to $55, the maximum allowed under government regulations. This doesn't include the cost of any repairs to make the vehicle safe. If the vehicle fails the COI, there is no charge for a re-inspection that is completed within 30 days at the same station, with the exception of a $20 fee if the wheels must be removed. If the vehicle is not reinspected within 30 days, it is subject to a new inspection at a cost of up to $55. All repairs must be completed and the vehicle must receive a COI before it can be registered.
Q
Do dealers have any obligations?
A
A dealer must issue the buyer a sales or lease agreement, a COI, a Transfer of Ownership Document (TOD) and proof of payment of retail sales tax. For new vehicles, the dealer must issue a New Vehicle Information Statement (N.V.I.S.), and a COI and TOD are not required.

Dealers are also required under Manitoba law to disclose information pertaining to a vehicle’s history. For more information, please read this important tip sheet from the Consumer Protection Office.
Q
If I buy a used vehicle privately, without a valid COI, how can I move it to a safety inspection station without registration?
A
For a COI inspection, you can either tow your vehicle or get a permit through an Autopac agent to drive the vehicle directly to an inspection station. If the vehicle passes inspection and receives a COI, it can be driven away on a permit, and can be immediately registered. If the vehicle does not pass the COI inspection, it must be towed. However, a write-off vehicle with a status of “salvageable” cannot be driven or registered until its status is changed to “rebuilt”.
Q
Can I do the repairs myself?
A
Yes. But the vehicle still has to pass all required inspections before it can receive a COI and/or a Body Integrity Inspection Certificate.
Q
Can I have the inspection done outside Manitoba?
A
The inspection must be done either in Manitoba or elsewhere through a program "substantially similar" to Manitoba's. For more information, contact Vehicle Standards and Inspections at 204-985-0920 or toll-free 1-866-323-0542.
Q
How long is a COI valid?
A
A COI is valid for one year to transfer ownership. However, when purchasing a vehicle it is important to remember that the vehicle condition will change over time and the current condition may not be accurately reflected in a COI that is several months old.
Q
After the year is up, do I have to get a new inspection done?
A
Not if you're keeping your vehicle. But when you're selling it, the new owner can't register the vehicle here without a valid COI.