Road Safety

Your motorcycle and equipment

Lights

  • one, but not more than two, headlamp must be on when in operation if the model year is 1975 or later
  • one red running lamp and one red stop lamp at the rear
  • one white light that illuminates the rear licence plate
  • front and rear signal lights for model year 1975 or later

Brakes

  • on front and rear wheels
  • capable of stopping the motorcycle, on a dry, smooth, level road, within nine metres from a speed of 30 km/h

Mirrors

  • one rearview mirror on the left side
  • two mirrors are recommended

Tires

  • must have at least .8 mm of tread

Horn

  • must be audible, under normal conditions, from a distance of 60 m

Muffler

  • must be equipped with a noise muffler in good working order

Speedometer

  • in good working order

Fenders

  • on front and rear wheels to reduce the wheel spray or splash of water from the roadway

Handlebars

  • 53 to 93 cm wide
  • height of handle grips and control not more than 39 cm above the seat while rider is sitting on the motorcycle

Front forks

  • not longer than 82 cm, measured from the bottom of the lower triple tree to the centre of the axle
  • if a motorcycle is equipped with hydraulic front forks, any extension of front forks should be of one-piece construction

Frame

  • it is illegal to alter the neck angle of a motorcycle’s front frame

Controls

  • must be within easy reach of the rider’s hands and feet

Fit

Selecting a motorcycle that is the right size and weight for you also helps to improve safe operation. Factors to consider are:

Size

  • Both of your feet should reach the ground when you stand, straddling the saddle.
  • You should be comfortable with the position of footpegs and handlebars and have the ability to manipulate all hand and foot controls easily and accurately when sitting astride your motorcycle.

Weight

  • You should be able to push the motorcycle through a figure-eight and place it on both the side and main stand without straining.
  • You should be able to lift your motorcycle upright if it falls over.