Road Safety

Your motorcycle and equipment


  • one, but not more than two, headlamp must be on when in operation if the model year is 1975 or later
  • one red running lamp and one red stop lamp at the rear
  • one white light that illuminates the rear licence plate
  • front and rear signal lights for model year 1975 or later


  • on front and rear wheels
  • capable of stopping the motorcycle, on a dry, smooth, level road, within nine metres from a speed of 30 km/h


  • one rearview mirror on the left side
  • two mirrors are recommended


  • must have at least .8 mm of tread


  • must be audible, under normal conditions, from a distance of 60 m


  • must be equipped with a noise muffler in good working order


  • in good working order


  • on front and rear wheels to reduce the wheel spray or splash of water from the roadway


  • 53 to 93 cm wide
  • height of handle grips and control not more than 39 cm above the seat while rider is sitting on the motorcycle

Front forks

  • not longer than 82 cm, measured from the bottom of the lower triple tree to the centre of the axle
  • if a motorcycle is equipped with hydraulic front forks, any extension of front forks should be of one-piece construction


  • it is illegal to alter the neck angle of a motorcycle’s front frame


  • must be within easy reach of the rider’s hands and feet


Selecting a motorcycle that is the right size and weight for you also helps to improve safe operation. Factors to consider are:


  • Both of your feet should reach the ground when you stand, straddling the saddle.
  • You should be comfortable with the position of footpegs and handlebars and have the ability to manipulate all hand and foot controls easily and accurately when sitting astride your motorcycle.


  • You should be able to push the motorcycle through a figure-eight and place it on both the side and main stand without straining.
  • You should be able to lift your motorcycle upright if it falls over.